In most real estate markets in the United States today, opportunities exist to acquire distressed properties at very attractive prices.
One way that investors can take advantage of these opportunities is through the
use of an Improvement Exchange.
Some people use the term "Improvement Exchange" interchangeably with
"Construction Exchange" and "Build-to-Suit Exchange."
Although they are structured similarly, in my opinion an Improvement Exchange
indicates that improvements are to be made to an existing structure or
A simplified example: an investor sells relinquished property with a value of
$400,000 and debt of $150,000. In order to fully defer any tax liability, he
must acquire replacement property with a value of at least $400,000 and invest
his entire equity of $250,000 in the new property. Let's assume he finds
a distressed property worth $300,000 that needs $100,000 worth of improvements
and will be worth $450,000 after those improvements are made. By acquiring the
property through an improvement exchange, he can make those improvements with
Structuring an Improvement Exchange
Any improvements made after the investor takes title to the property cannot
be made from exchange funds, so a workaround solution must be employed. The
workaround comes from the rules for a Reverse Exchange and requires Iowa Equity
Exchange to establish an "Exchange Accommodation Titleholder," or
"EAT," to hold title to the property during the improvement phase.
During that phase, the investor makes all of the construction decisions, either
functioning as the general contractor himself or hiring the GC of his choosing.
After improvements are completed (and before the expiration of the 180 days
exchange period), the exchange is completed by the investor buying the improved
property from the EAT.
Pros and Cons of an Improvement Exchange
Obviously, the primary advantage to an improvement exchange is the ability
to purchase distressed property and use exchange funds for necessary
improvements. Doing so can often result in significant boosts in equity in the
new property for the investor. Other than the 180-day time frame required for
virtually any exchange, the main drawback to an improvement exchange is that
there are additional costs associated with this type of structure. The boost in
equity is often so significant to make these costs inconsequential.
Even more so than with typical exchanges, it is important to contact Iowa
Equity Exchange to discuss your particular plans and situation. We can help you
determine whether an improvement exchange will be beneficial to you, and it
costs nothing to consult us.
(A real world example.)